Orchids are known for their grace and exquisite beauty, making them popular among most flower enthusiasts. While they are also known to be challenging to maintain due to their delicate nature, with adequate technique and knowledge, even beginners can achieve success with them.
In this article, we have compiled a comprehensive guide to help you get started, covering various aspects, such as common mistakes to avoid, temperature, light requirements, and watering.
Understanding the types of orchids
There is a diverse range of orchid species, with each having their own specific set of care requirements. Hence, understanding each type of orchid can help you meet its needs. You need to conduct adequate research before getting one in order to provide it the optimal care possible. Here are some common orchids you can find in Singapore:
1. Vanda orchids
One of the most famous species in Singapore is the Vanda Miss Joaquim, our national flower. Vanda orchids are known for their large and vibrant flowers. You can find them through their striking patterns and colours. Their flowers typically last for several weeks.
Because they are epiphytic, they naturally grow on trees. As such, they need lots of air circulation and indirect, bright light.
2. Cymbidium orchids
Their flowers come in many colours and are typically known for being long-lasting. However, they demand more care than most orchids. These species of orchid prefer cooler temperatures, regular watering, and a moderate amount of light.
3. Phalaenopsis orchids
Also known as moth orchids, they are highly sought after by many flower enthusiasts due to their ability to brighten up a room with their beautiful blooms. In fact, they remain a popular choice for beginners.
When properly cared for, their blooms are able to last for months. With the right balance of humidity, airflow, light, and temperature, you can easily grow them indoors.
Orchids can be a tricky flower to water, requiring a delicate balance. Most orchids are naturally found in a semi-dry environment. Hence, it is vital not to overwater them. With that being said, it is vital to water them regularly and thoroughly, allowing any excess water to drain completely.
Like all plants, orchids require lots of light in order to thrive. However, direct sunlight will burn their leaves. As such, orchids will do well by your window as long as there is indirect light. Certain species, such as the phalaenopsis orchids, can tolerate lower light conditions than other species. If the leaves of your orchid begin to turn yellow, it is a clear indication of insufficient lighting.
Humidity and temperature
Most species of orchids prefer a growing environment similar to their natural habitat. That includes moderate temperatures between 18 and 27 degrees Celsius. They also prefer a high humidity level of 40 to 60 per cent. Fortunately, Singapore has the perfect condition for them.
Potting and repotting
Orchids prefer a well-drained, loose potting medium that consists of a mix of sphagnum moss and orchid bark. It is vital to repot them every one to two years to prevent overcrowding of roots and refresh the potting medium.
During the repotting process, you might want to look for signs, such as a compact, dense root ball or excessive roots. Trim off any excess or dead roots and repot them in a bigger container with a fresh potting medium.
Orchids are complex blooms that may seem daunting to beginners. However, similar to caring for every house plant, with adequate attention to detail and the right fundamentals, anybody can be successful in growing them. All you need is to find the right balance of humidity, temperature, light, and water to recreate the perfect environment as their native habitat.
Here at Hello Flowers, we sell beautiful phalaenopsis orchids in white or purple variants. If you are a beginner horticulturalist, then they are the perfect starter orchid. Apart from that, we also offer other everyday flowers, from roses and sunflowers to tulips and lilies. We also offer flower subscription services if you want to have different blooms in your house. Contact us today to find out more!